PhD Defense by Jason Wan

Event Details
  • Date/Time:
    • Tuesday April 12, 2022
      11:00 am - 1:00 pm
  • Location: Suddath Seminar room (1128) IBB
  • Phone:
  • URL: Bluejeans
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Summaries

Summary Sentence: Microfluidic-based tools to investigate gene expression and regulation with tissue-specificity during aging in Caenorhabditis elegans

Full Summary: No summary paragraph submitted.

Jason Wan
BME PhD Defense Presentation

Date:2022-04-12
Time: 11 AM - 1 PM
Location / Meeting Link: Suddath Room (IBB 1128) / https://bluejeans.com/262884178/1820

Committee Members:
Hang Lu, Ph.D. (Advisor), Ahmet Coskun, Ph.D., Annalise Paaby, Ph.D., Patrick Phillips, Ph.D., Shuichi Takayama, Ph.D.


Title: Microfluidic-based tools to investigate gene expression and regulation with tissue-specificity during aging in Caenorhabditis elegans

Abstract: Aging is a complex, universal process that impacts us all differently. An increasingly important aspect of aging research is studying gene expression and regulation. Gene expression is age-, tissue-, and individual-dependent so it is important to capture all these pieces of information. While there are pooled-sample techniques that can measure the entire transcriptome (e.g., RNA-sequencing), they fail to capture this gene expression data on an individual level. There are single-animal techniques to measure spatial gene expression and individual-to-individual variability, but these lack throughput (both sample- and gene-throughput) and are thus difficult to scale for larger studies. In this thesis, I develop new microfluidic-based tools to address the limitations in single-animal assays to enable more robust gene expression studies in aging research. In Aim 1, I engineer a pipeline that allows for single-animal gene expression quantification with sub-cellular resolution by adapting single molecule fluorescence in situ hybridization (smFISH) in adult C. elegans using microfluidics. In Aim 2, I create two complimentary platforms to enable multiple cycles of smFISH, directly addressing the gene-throughput limitations. The first approach is based on an electrokinetic/microfluidic hybrid device to enhance the reagent delivery of large, charged macromolecules. The second platform uses gentler reagents and allows for robust multicycle smFISH while retaining the tissue integrity of the samples. In Aim 3, I correlate age-related changes in neuronal functional responses and the underlying gene expressions in the context of mechanosensation. The completion of this thesis creates an array of new tools and frameworks that can improve the content of information we can gather on a single-animal level, enabling us to ask deeper questions in biology.

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Graduate Studies

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Phd Defense
Status
  • Created By: Tatianna Richardson
  • Workflow Status: Published
  • Created On: Mar 29, 2022 - 2:12pm
  • Last Updated: Mar 29, 2022 - 2:12pm