PhD Defense by Mark Stathos

Event Details
  • Date/Time:
    • Thursday July 15, 2021
      2:00 pm - 4:00 pm
  • Location: Atlanta, GA; REMOTE
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  • URL: Bluejeans
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Summaries

Summary Sentence: Engineering Tools to Promote and Characterize Wnt-Mediated Stem Cell Differentiation

Full Summary: No summary paragraph submitted.

BioE Ph.D. Thesis Defense 

Mark Stathos 

Thursday, July 15, 2021, 2:00 PM EST  

Link:  https://bluejeans.com/3588649523 

  

  

Advisor:  

Ravi Kane, Ph.D.  (ChBE, Georgia Institute of Technology) 

   

Committee Members:   

Andres García, Ph.D. (ME, Georgia Institute of Technology) 

Manu Platt, Ph.D. (BME, Georgia Institute of Technology) 

Todd Sulchek, Ph.D. (ME, Georgia Institute of Technology) 

Ronghu Wu, Ph.D.  (Chemistry and Biochemistry, Georgia Institute of Technology) 

  

Engineering Tools to Promote and Characterize Wnt-Mediated Stem Cell Differentiation 

The Wnt signaling pathway plays an important role in the development of many tissues in the body, notably cardiac tissue, from the very earliest stage of the process. However, the precise mechanisms of the Wnt pathway and the specific roles it has in development in the context of different tissue types remain poorly understood. This is in part due to the complexity of embryonic development and in part due to the hydrophobicity of Wnt ligands which renders them expensive and difficult to purify in a usable form.  

              To overcome issues associated with the use of natural Wnt ligands, we have developed a heterodimer of Fabs which bind to the Wnt co-receptors LRP6 and Frizzled. We have demonstrated that this dimer can activate Wnt signaling with an efficacy comparable to that of the natural ligand.  

              To elucidate the mechanisms of downstream events in the Wnt pathway, we constructed a kinetic model consisting of a system of ordinary differential equations. We fit this model to empirical time course data derived from Western blots of HEK293T cells treated with Wnt. From this fit we were able to gain insights into how the intracellular levels of the Wnt pathway component β-catenin are regulated. 

              To better characterize the downstream effects of Wnt signaling during the manufacturing of therapeutic cells, we are also generating CRISPR/Cas9 edited reporter iPSC lines which we hope will be able to detect the expression of Wnt-regulated marker genes such as Brachyury and COUP-TFII with high specificity. Luminescent signals secreted by these cell lines during directed differentiation into cardiomyocytes will permit continuous non-destructive monitoring of the manufacturing process. These cell lines could potentially guide process optimization and enable production of cardiomyocytes with a more mature phenotype. These cells will also be equipped with an inducible suicide mechanism to enable their removal during cell manufacturing applications involving co-culture with unedited cells. 

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Phd Defense
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  • Created By: Tatianna Richardson
  • Workflow Status: Published
  • Created On: Jul 14, 2021 - 8:58am
  • Last Updated: Jul 14, 2021 - 8:58am