PhD Defense by Justin C. Sabree

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Name: Justin C. Sabree

School of Psychology – Ph.D. Dissertation Defense Presentation

Date: Wednesday, March 25, 2020

Time: 11:00 am

Location: https://meet.lync.com/gtvault/jsabree3/TNR7OY2A


Advisor: Ruth Kanfer, Ph.D. (Georgia Tech)


Dissertation Committee Members:

Kimberly French, Ph.D. (Georgia Tech)

Christopher Wiese, Ph.D. (Georgia Tech)

Michael Hunter, Ph.D. (Georgia Tech)

Charles Calderwood, Ph.D. (Virginia Tech)


Title: The Multilevel Interplay of Team Health Culture, Department Health Culture, and Employee Health Motivation to Predict Health Behaviors and Job Satisfaction


Abstract: To combat rising healthcare costs (WHO, 2018), organizations are focusing on strategies to improve employee health, such as creating a culture of health throughout the entire organization. Despite theories about organizations containing multiple levels of culture (Chao, 2000), most studies of organizational culture have only focused on one level at a time (Chatman & O’Reilly, 2016). To address these gaps, I measured employee health motivation and health culture at the team and department levels in a midsized, multinational organization (NEmp. = 282, NTeams = 63, NDept. = 39) to predict employees’ diets, physical activity, alcohol consumption, smoking behaviors, and job satisfaction. Hypotheses were tested using multilevel models, and because of missing data, all analyses were conducted using both the raw dataset as well as datasets generated using multiple imputation. Team weight maintenance culture positively predicted vigorous physical activity above and beyond department culture. In addition, when using the imputed datasets only, both team and department responsible drinking culture negatively related to alcohol consumption. Though health motivation failed to interact with health culture at any level, it did significantly relate to employees’ physical activity, vegetable consumption, and smoking behaviors. Last, both team health culture and health motivation positively predicted job satisfaction. Results are discussed in terms of motivated action theory (DeShon & Gillespie, 2005) and situational strength (Mischel, 1976).


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