PhD Defense by Mariel D. Friberg

Event Details
  • Date/Time:
    • Wednesday December 6, 2017 - Thursday December 7, 2017
      1:00 pm - 2:59 pm
  • Location: Mason Building Classroom 3133
  • Phone:
  • URL:
  • Email:
  • Fee(s):
    N/A
  • Extras:
Contact
No contact information submitted.
Summaries

Summary Sentence: Using Ground-based Observations and Satellite Retrievals to Constrain Urban-to-Regional-Scale Air Quality Chemical Transport Modeling Results

Full Summary: No summary paragraph submitted.

School of Civil and Environmental Engineering

 

Ph.D. Thesis Defense Announcement

Using Ground-based Observations and Satellite Retrievals to Constrain Urban-to-Regional-Scale Air Quality Chemical Transport Modeling Results

 

By

Mariel D. Friberg

 

Advisor:

Dr. James A. Mulholland ( CEE)

 

 

Committee Members:

Drs. Armistead G. Russell (CEE), Yuhang Wang (EAS), Yang Liu (Emory) and Ralph A. Kahn (NASA)

 

 

Date & Time: Wednesday, December 6th , 2017 , at 1:00pm  

Location: Mason Building Classroom 3133

      The overarching goal of this research is to improve urban- and regional-scale air quality modeling for health risk assessment using a combination of ground-station and satellite-based measurements.  The integration of near-surface air pollution concentrations, emissions-based air quality model simulations, and satellite observations of column-integrated quantities will improve the accuracy of exposure metrics and promote the appropriate use of satellite data over extended areas for long time periods, especially where ground-based air quality measurement networks are limited or lacking.  In the broader sense, this information will help public health scientists, policy makers, and monitoring agencies to research and implement better control strategies and regulations.
      The first phase of this study demonstrated and assessed a systematic and practical approach to fusing surface-network measurements with chemical transport model (CTM) simulations to produce daily concentrations for five air pollutants of primary origin, and seven secondary pollutants for use in cross-sectional epidemiological studies.  A second study assessed the ability of the data fusion method to produce daily concentrations across five metropolitan areas from 2002 to 2008.  In addition to the variety of pollutant types, the five cities represent a range of meteorological conditions, background aerosol conditions, population densities, and sampling-station distributions.  Among the pollutant types, the primary pollutants tend to be more heterogeneously distributed over the urban regions than the secondary ones.  The resulting daily spatial field estimates of air pollutant concentrations and associated correlations were not only consistent with observations, emissions, and meteorology, but substantially improved CTM-derived results in areas without observations, for most pollutants and all cities. The greatest improvements occurred for O3 and PM2.5. The final study demonstrated and assessed an optimization technique, expanding upon the surface-station-model fusion technique, to estimate ambient PM2.5 mass and associated chemically speciated concentrations for potential use in longitudinal epidemiological studies.  The newest method constrains surface PM2.5 and chemical-component CTM results, using both ground-station data to anchor speciated, near-surface aerosol concentrations, and total column aerosol optical depth (AOD). When the mid-visible AOD is high, the retrieved AOD from the Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) Research Aerosol retrieval algorithm along with qualitative, column-effective aerosol type observations helped constrain the CTM over extended regions. The method was applied over a case study area. The accuracy of estimated concentrations and evaluation of the latest MISR aerosol retrieval algorithm ability to typify urban AOD, aerosol mixtures, and aerosol airmasses were examined by comparing the results with speciated ground observations and standard model fitting statistics.  The results indicate that on days with high AOD and adequate conditions, satellite retrievals improve simulated spatial distributions of PM2.5 and chemical component concentrations.
 

 

Additional Information

In Campus Calendar
No
Groups

Graduate Studies

Invited Audience
Public, Graduate students, Undergraduate students
Categories
Other/Miscellaneous
Keywords
Phd Defense
Status
  • Created By: Tatianna Richardson
  • Workflow Status: Published
  • Created On: Nov 21, 2017 - 3:13pm
  • Last Updated: Nov 21, 2017 - 3:13pm