Using Ultrasound Imaging to Understand Dynamic Muscle-tendon Behaviour: Experimental and Modelling Approaches

Event Details
  • Date/Time:
    • Wednesday September 20, 2017 - Thursday September 21, 2017
      12:00 pm - 11:59 am
  • Location: Applied Physiology Building (555 14th Street NW), Room 1253
  • Phone:
  • URL:
  • Email:
  • Fee(s):
    N/A
  • Extras:
Contact

boris.prilutsky@biosci.gatech.edu

Summaries

Summary Sentence: A Physiology Brown Bag Seminar

Full Summary: No summary paragraph submitted.

Taylor Dick, Ph.D.
School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Queensland, Australia
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Tech

Abstract
Skeletal muscle is the engine that produces force to power movement in humans and animals alike. To date the invasive nature of obtaining muscle-tendon forces in humans has limited our understanding of muscle function and restricted our ability to develop effective treatment protocols for diseased populations. Phenomenological, Hill-type models of the muscle are often used to predict muscle force, for example within musculoskeletal simulations of human movement. However, few studies have examined the accuracy of forces obtained from such models during in vivo motor tasks. The goal of my work is to develop, test, and refine methods to better quantify muscle mechanical output in humans, using ultrasound and electromyographic recordings, together with advanced Hill-type models. In this seminar I will first discuss imaging techniques to non-invasively estimate in vivo muscle-tendon forces.  Next, I will present a series of comparisons between ultrasound-based force estimates and predictions from traditional Hill-type models as well as from new-age models that account for task-dependent changes in motor unit recruitment or alterations in 3-dimensional muscle shape. These studies are helping to identify the contractile and architectural features of muscle models that are most critical for predicting time-varying patterns of force during dynamic muscle contractions in healthy and clinical populations. Finally, I will share new insights into how we are using ultrasound imaging to look ‘under the skin’ during tasks where muscle-tendon behaviour is challenging to predict—for example, during exoskeleton-assisted walking or during recovery from a fall.

Additional Information

In Campus Calendar
Yes
Groups

School of Biological Sciences

Invited Audience
Faculty/Staff, Public, Graduate students, Undergraduate students
Categories
Seminar/Lecture/Colloquium
Keywords
Taylor Dick, School of Biological Sciences, Boris Prilutsky
Status
  • Created By: Jasmine Martin
  • Workflow Status: Published
  • Created On: Sep 18, 2017 - 9:38am
  • Last Updated: Sep 18, 2017 - 9:38am