PhD Dissertation Defense by Gordon Walker

Event Details
  • Date/Time:
    • Wednesday February 24, 2016 - Thursday February 25, 2016
      9:00 am - 10:59 am
  • Location: Room 114, Callaway Manufacturing Research Building
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Summary Sentence: Investigation into the Electrochemical Behavior and Interfacial Stability of LiMn2O4 Electrodes Deposited on Carbon Fibers for Electrical Energy Storage

Full Summary: No summary paragraph submitted.

Committee Members:

Dr. Meilin Liu (MSE, advisor)

Dr. Lawrence Bottomley (CHEM)

Dr. Thomas Fuller (ChBE)

Dr. Satish Kumar (MSE)

Dr. Kenneth Sandhage (MSE)


Title:Investigation into the Electrochemical Behavior and Interfacial Stability of LiMn2O4 Electrodes Deposited on Carbon Fibers for Electrical Energy Storage”



Lithium-ion batteries are one of the most energy dense electrochemical energy storage systems available today and for the foreseeable future will be the dominant secondary battery type for applications needing large energy density and long operational lifetimes. Among the many varieties and applications of lithium-ion batteries, electrode design - and in particular the selection of active materials - is extremely influential in determining overall device specifications. Furthermore, the cathode plays a particularly important role in factors such as cell safety, lifetime, and cost. In applications which require low cost and high safety LiMn2O4 cathodes are an excellent choice; however, the well-known issue of rapid capacity fading has yet to be overcome.

In this dissertation composite electrodes are formed by directly coating the LiMn2O4 active material onto carbon fiber current collectors. When tested as positive electrodes for lithium-ion batteries, these electrodes show comparable energy and power density to conventional tape-cast composites, but can be fabricated without the need for organic solvents, binders or metal foil current collectors. To reduce capacity loss from the LiMn­2O4 active material ultrathin (<1 nm) coatings of aluminum oxide were deposited onto the surface of the LiMn2O4/carbon fiber composites using atomic layer deposition. Aluminum oxide coatings successfully improved capacity retention by over 100% and led to an unexpected increase in rate capability and total lithium diffusivity. To further investigate the mechanisms in which inert oxide coatings prevent capacity loss and influence cycling behavior, thin-film model electrodes were prepared and measurements of surface chemistry, crystal structure and electrochemical impedance were conducted.

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PhD Dissertation Defense
  • Created By: Jacquelyn Strickland
  • Workflow Status: Published
  • Created On: Feb 12, 2016 - 8:10am
  • Last Updated: Oct 7, 2016 - 10:16pm