Sanaz Moghim Ph.D. Thesis Defense Announcement

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School of Civil and Environmental Engineering


Ph.D. Thesis Defense Announcement


Bias Correction of Outputs from Global Circulation Models: Focus on the Use of Artificial Neural Networks



Sanaz Moghim



Dr. Rafael L. Bras


Committee Members: 

Dr. Aris P. Georgakakos – CEE; Dr. Jingfeng Wang - CEE; Dr. Kou-Lin Hsu – UC Irvine

Dr. Yi Deng - EAS


Date & Time: April 1 @ 5pm

Location:  Mason 2119


Climate studies and effective management plans require unbiased climate datasets. This study develops a new bias correction approach using a three layer feedforward neural network to reduce the biases of climate variables (temperature and precipitation) over the Northern South America. Meteorological variables including skin temperature, specific humidity, net longwave and shortwave radiation with raw temperature (before bias correction) for temperature, lag zero, one, two, three precipitation, and the standard deviation from 3 by 3 neighbors around the pixel of interest for precipitation are selected as proper sets of inputs to the network. The modeled data are provided by the Community Climate System Model (CCSM3). Results show that the trained ANN has generalization ability in time and space to improve the estimation error, correlation, and probabilistic structure of the estimated field. In addition, this study assesses the regionalization ability of the regression models to delineate the study domain by defining the minimum number of training pixels. The delineation of the region based on the systematic errors of CCSM3 outputs is consistent with the physical features of the domain such as land cover, topography, and atmospheric circulation patterns over the region. Results also confirm that a small number of training pixels suffices to achieve a desired response. This proposed model is an effective tool to improve the quality of the data and prediction due to two main features: first the trained model can perform well when observations are not available in time or space, and second it can save significant computational requirements, time and memory usage.



  • Workflow Status:Published
  • Created By:Danielle Ramirez
  • Created:03/23/2015
  • Modified By:Fletcher Moore
  • Modified:10/07/2016


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