(11-0607) Prof. Ehud Pines, Ben Gurion University

Event Details
  • Date/Time:
    • Tuesday June 7, 2011
      4:00 pm - 5:00 pm
  • Location: MoSE 3201A
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Contact
Shirley Tomes
Chemistry & Biochemistry
Contact Shirley Tomes
404-894-0591
Summaries

Summary Sentence: Prof. Ehud Pines, Ben Gurion University

Full Summary: Prof. Ehud Pines, Ben Gurion University Direct observation of the dynamics of carbonic acid/bicarbonate buffer in aqueous environment

Prof. Ehud Pines, Ben Gurion University

Direct observation of the dynamics of carbonic acid/bicarbonate buffer in aqueous environment

The bicarbonate/carbonic-acid buffer is spontaneously generated when atmospheric CO2 react with water according to CO2 + H2O = HCO3- + H + = H2CO3 and is the main pH-stabilizing agent in nature controlling the pH of the oceans and of large fresh-water reservoirs as well as the pH of blood. We have recently demonstrated that H2CO3 may be generated within a few hundreds of ps and that it has remained completely stable during our time-window of observation which was about 1 ns [1]. The carbonic acid, for a long time a species of elusive nature in aqueous solution, was generated by the rapid protonation of HCO3- ions utilizing optically excited photoacids [2], a technique we developed to investigate ultrafast acid-base reactions in aqueous solutions [3,4]. We have also demonstrated using Marcus correlation that the Brønsted acidity of carbonic acid is slightly larger than that of formic acid. Considering its now proven ns-stability in aqueous solutions and its considerable acid-strength, intact carbonic acid should be regarded a highly reactive molecule by its own merit.

Our experimental results suggest new insights concerning the reactivity of the bicarbonate/carbonic acid buffer under conditions relevant for ecology, biophysiology, marine biology and planning for large scale CO2 sequestration projects aiming to reduce the green-house effect of CO2 by reducing its partial pressure in the atmosphere.

References
1. Adamczyk, K., Prémont-Schwarz, M., Pines, D., Pines E., Nibbering E. T. J., Science 326 (2009) 1690.
2. Tolbert, L. M.; Solntsev, K. M., Acc. Chem. Res., 35 (2002) 19.
3. Rini, M., Magnes, B.-Z., Pines, E., Nibbering, E. T. J., Science 301 (2003) 349.
4. Mohammed, O. F., Pines, D., Dreyer, J., Pines. E., and Nibbering, E. T. J., Science 310 (2005( 83.

For more information contact Prof. Laren Tolbert (404-894-4093).

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School of Chemistry and Biochemistry

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Seminar/Lecture/Colloquium
Keywords
chemistry
Status
  • Created By: Shirley Tomes
  • Workflow Status: Published
  • Created On: May 23, 2011 - 8:00pm
  • Last Updated: Oct 7, 2016 - 9:50pm