Dynamic Biomaterials to Modulate Stem Cell Behavior and Tissue Interactions

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Johnna Temenoff

Summaries

Summary Sentence: Jason A. Burdick, PhD - University of Pennsylvania

Full Summary: BME Young Innovator SeriesJason A. Burdick, PhD - University of Pennsylvania"Dynamic Biomaterials to Modulate Stem Cell Behavior and Tissue Interactions"

BME Young Innovators Seminar Series

Abstract:

Stem cells (e.g., mesenchymal stem cells, MSCs) respond to many cues from their microenvironment, which may include chemical signals, mechanics, and topography. Importantly, these cues may be incorporated into scaffolding to control stem cell differentiation and optimize their ability to produce tissues in regenerative medicine. Despite the significant amount of work in this area, the materials have been primarily static and uniform. To this end, we have developed a sequential crosslinking proc- ess that relies on our ability to crosslink functional biopolymers (e.g., methacrylated hyaluronic acid, HA) in two steps, namely a Michael-type addition reaction to partially consume reactive groups and then a light-initiated free-radical polymerization to further crosslink the material. With light exposure during the second step comes control over the material in space (via masks and lasers) and time (via intermittent light exposure). We are applying this technique for numerous applications. For example, when the HA hydrogels are crosslinked with MMP degradable peptides with thiol termini during the first step, a material that can be degraded by cells is obtained. However, cell-mediated degradation is obstructed with the introduction of kinetic chains during the second step, leading to spatially controlled cell degradability. Due to the influence of cellular spreading on MSC differentiation, we have controlled cell fates by controlling their spread ability, for instance towards osteoblasts in spread areas and adipocytes when cell remained rounded. We are also using the process of stiffening with time to investigate mechanically induced differentiation, particularly in materials with evolving mechanics. Towards applications in cardiac repair, we are ap- plying HA hydrogels as injectable materials that can reduce stresses in the heart wall after infarction. Our ability to design ma- terials with controlled properties and degradation is allowing us to investigate the influence of these properties on the tissue response and functional outcomes in a clinically relevant ovine model of infarction. Overall, these advanced HA hydrogels provide us the opportunity to investigate diverse and controlled material properties for a range of biomedical applications.

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Groups

Parker H. Petit Institute for Bioengineering and Bioscience (IBB)

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Categories
Seminar/Lecture/Colloquium
Keywords
BME, Dynamic Biomaterials to Modulate Stem Cell Behavior and Tissue Interactions, Georgia Tech, IBB, Young Innovators
Status
  • Created By: Colly Mitchell
  • Workflow Status: Published
  • Created On: Feb 22, 2011 - 8:20am
  • Last Updated: Oct 7, 2016 - 9:54pm