PhD Proposal by Taylor Curley

Event Details
  • Date/Time:
    • Monday May 11, 2020
      11:00 am - 1:00 pm
  • Location: REMOTE: BLUE JEANS
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  • URL: Blue Jeans
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Summaries

Summary Sentence: The Effects of Output Interference on Metamemory and Cued Recall Accuracy in Young and Older Adults

Full Summary: No summary paragraph submitted.

Name: Taylor Curley

Dissertation Proposal Meeting

Date: Monday, May 11th , 2020

Time: 11:00 AM

Location: https://bluejeans.com/427991308 (Meeting ID: 427 991 308)

 

Advisor: Chris Hertzog, Ph.D. (Georgia Tech)

 

Dissertation Committee Members:

Paul Verhaeghen, Ph.D. (Georgia Tech)

Rick Thomas, Ph.D. (Georgia Tech)

Dobromir Rahnev, Ph.D. (Georgia Tech)

John Dunlosky, Ph.D. (Kent State University)

 

Title: The Effects of Output Interference on Metamemory and Cued Recall Accuracy in Young and Older Adults

 

Abstract: The current work examines the degree to which output interference — or a pattern of results in which cued recall accuracy for related items decreases with successive trials (Tulving & Arbuckle, 1966; Smith, 1975; Roediger & Schmidt, 1980) — affects memory and metamemory performance in young and older adults when studying paired associates. Output interference has been examined with respect to aging and free recall (Smith, 1975; Kausler, 1994), and recently with cued recall in young adults (Wilson, Kellen, & Criss, 2019), but never with aging and cued recall. Additionally, researchers have yet to directly examine the degree of metamemorial awareness adult learners exhibit during tasks that encourage output interference, or if these interference effects diminish access to information that are informative of current or future memory performance (i.e. non-criterial recollection; c.f. Hertzog, Dunlosky, and Sinclair, 2010). Here, I propose a set of experimental and computational methods that examine cued recall output interference effects in young and older adults, where cue words are from similar taxonomic categories. I expect to find output interference effects in recall, but age differences in only overall recall performance, such that older adults recall fewer items compared to young adults, but still show similar qualitative effects of OI. Further, I expect to find that these differences in recall performance will be related to age-related differences in feeling-of-knowing (FOK) judgment accuracy. These data are interpreted in the context of a computational account of output interference where older adults experience greaterinterference due to competing activations when confronted with categorically-related cues, resulting in diminished access to criterial information about memory at the time of judgment construction

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Graduate Studies

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Phd proposal
Status
  • Created By: Tatianna Richardson
  • Workflow Status: Published
  • Created On: Apr 29, 2020 - 1:19pm
  • Last Updated: Apr 29, 2020 - 1:19pm