Ph.D. Dissertation Defense - Xiaoqing Zhang

Event Details
  • Date/Time:
    • Wednesday September 25, 2019
      9:00 am - 11:00 am
  • Location: Room 4202A, MoSE
  • Phone:
  • URL:
  • Email:
  • Fee(s):
  • Extras:
No contact information submitted.

Summary Sentence: Highly Efficient Organic Light-Emitting Diodes from Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescence

Full Summary: No summary paragraph submitted.

TitleHighly Efficient Organic Light-Emitting Diodes from Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescence


Dr. Bernard Kippelen, ECE, Chair , Advisor

Dr. Wenshan Cai, ECE

Dr. Oliver Brand, ECE

Dr. Benjamin Klein, ECE

Dr. Elsa Reichmanis, ChBE


Organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) are emerging as a technology that advances the performance of display and lighting applications. This thesis presents recent progress made in the design, fabrication, modeling, testing, and application of state-of-the-art highly efficient OLEDs employing emitters exhibiting thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF), and focuses on a reevaluation of the design of emissive layers (EMLs) with a goal to increase device efficiency and reduce efficiency roll-offs. Challenging the conventional EML design strategy, our work shows that high efficiency performance can be achieved in devices employing heavily doped or host-free EMLs. To understand the influence of host/guest ratio in the EML on the external quantum efficiency (EQE) performance, a series of OLEDs doped with oBFCzTrz, a blue-emitting TADF emitter, at various concentrations were fabricated and their electrical and optical properties were systematically studied. Results showed that aggregation-induced fluorescence quenching in heavily doped EMLs is small. A time-resolved electroluminescent decay experiment was conducted, and an analysis based on a Correlated-Charge-Pair model reveals significant differences in charge trapping and recombination in devices as a function of emitter concentration. After optimizing the concentration of oBFCzTrz at 50 wt.% in the EML, devices yielded a maximum EQE of 25.5% at 10 cd/m2; host-free devices achieved a high EQE of 14.0% with zero efficiency roll-off at luminance value of 1,000 cd/m2. Employing the same strategy, a newly-developed yellow-green-emitting TADF emitter, TCZPBOX, was used as a host-free EML in devices and achieved a state-of-the-art maximum EQE of 21.2% at 10 cd/m2, and retains a value of 13% at 10,000 cd /m2.

Additional Information

In Campus Calendar

ECE Ph.D. Dissertation Defenses

Invited Audience
Phd Defense, graduate students
  • Created By: Daniela Staiculescu
  • Workflow Status: Published
  • Created On: Sep 12, 2019 - 5:24pm
  • Last Updated: Sep 25, 2019 - 12:19pm