Phd Proposal by Payam Siyari

Event Details
  • Date/Time:
    • Wednesday April 25, 2018
      11:00 am - 12:00 pm
  • Location: Klaus 3100
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Summary Sentence: Optimization-Driven Emergence of Deep Hierarchies with Applications in Data Mining and Evolution

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Title: Optimization-Driven Emergence of Deep Hierarchies with Applications in Data Mining and Evolution

 

Payam Siyari

School of Computer Science

College of Computing

Georgia Institute of Technology

 

Date: Wednesday, April 25th, 2018

Time: 11:00am - 1:00pm

Location: Klaus 3100

 

Committee:

Dr. Constantine Dovrolis (Advisor, School of Computer Science, Georgia Institute of Technology)

Dr. Bistra Dilkina (Co-Advisor, Department of Computer Science, University of Southern California & School of Computational Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology)

Dr. Thad Starner (School of Interactive Computing, Georgia Institute of Technology)

Dr. Duen Horng (Polo) Chau (School of Computational Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology)

Dr. Matthias Gallé (Senior Scientist, Naver Labs Europe)

 

Abstract:

 

It is well known that many complex systems, in both nature and technology, exhibit hierarchical modularity: smaller modules, each of them providing a certain function, are used within larger modules that perform more complex functions. What is not well understood, however, is how this hierarchical structure (which is fundamentally a network property) emerges initially, how it relates to the desired input-output function of the entire system, and how it evolves over time. 

 

We present an optimization framework, called Lexis, that constructs a given set of target strings through a minimum-cost hierarchy of concatenations of shorter strings. We apply the Lexis framework in diverse applications such as optimized synthesis of DNA fragments in genomic libraries, hierarchical structure discovery in protein sequences, and feature extraction in text data.

 

Lexis has close ties to the classic Smallest Grammar Problem (SGP). We also propose a generalized formulation of SGP that produces smaller models than the current best approximations, and also better captures the syntactic structure of natural language.

 

Finally, we use Lexis in a modeling framework, referred to as Evo-Lexis, that can capture the emergence and dynamics of hierarchical structure in evolving systems. By modeling evolutionary mechanisms such as mutation, recombination, and selection, we show that Evo-Lexis can produce deep hierarchies with various realistic properties, such as a small but relatively stable core despite frequent changes at the higher layers of the hierarchy. This modeling study provides a plausible explanation for the hourglass (or bow-tie) structure that is often observed in some natural and technological hierarchical systems.

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Phd proposal
Status
  • Created By: Tatianna Richardson
  • Workflow Status: Published
  • Created On: Apr 18, 2018 - 10:02am
  • Last Updated: Apr 18, 2018 - 10:02am