PhD Defense by Natasha L. Schatzman

Event Details
  • Date/Time:
    • Wednesday March 28, 2018
      8:00 am - 10:00 am
  • Location: Cove auditorium of the Weber building
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Summaries

Summary Sentence: AERODYNAMICS AND AEROACOUSTIC SOURCES OF A COAXIAL ROTOR

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AERODYNAMICS AND AEROACOUSTIC SOURCES OF A COAXIAL ROTOR

A Dissertation Presented to

The Academic Faculty By

Natasha L. Schatzman

 

March 28th, 2018 at 8:00 AM

Cove auditorium of the Weber building

 

Vehicles with coaxial, contra-rotating rotor systems (CACR) are being considered for a range of applications, including those requiring high speed and operations in urban environments. Community and environmental noise impact is likely to be a concern in these applications. Design parameters are identified that effect the fundamental aerodynamics and fluid dynamic features of a CACR in hover, vertical, and edgewise flight. Particular attention is paid to those features affecting thickness, loading, blade vortex interaction (BVI), and high speed impulsive (HSI) noise. Understanding the fluid dynamic features is a precursor to studying the aeroacoustics of a coaxial rotor. Rotor performance was computed initially using Navier-Stokes solver with prescribed blade section aerodynamic properties, the results validated against generic experimental test cases. The fluid dynamics of blade interactions was simplified and broken into a 2-D blade crossing problem, with crossing locations and velocity fields from the rotor results.  Two trains of 8 airfoils passing were simulated to understand the effects due to shed vorticity. The airfoils are displaced vertically by a distance equivalent to the typical spacing between the upper and lower rotors of a coaxial system. A 2D potential flow code and 2D OVERFLOW compressible-flow Navier-Stokes solver were used to investigate the complex coaxial rotor system flow field. One challenge of analyzing the CACR is the difficulty in envisioning all the possible interactions and their possible locations as flight conditions and rotor designs change. A calculation tool has been developed to identify time and location of blade overlap. The tool was then integrated with a wake aerodynamics model to identify locations and instances of upper rotor tip vortex interaction with a lower rotor blade. This tool enables rapid identification of different types of BVI based on relative rotor orientation. Specific aerodynamic phenomena that occur for each noise source relevant to CACR are presented, along with computational tools to predict these occurrences.

 

 

Professor Narayanan M. Komerath (Advisor)

Daniel Guggenheim School of

Aerospace Engineering

Georgia Institute of Technology

 

Professor Lakshmi N. Sankar

Daniel Guggenheim School of

Aerospace Engineering

Georgia Institute of Technology

Dr. Gloria Yamauchi

National Aeronautics and

Space Administration (NASA)

Ames Research Center

Professor Kenneth S. Brentner

Department of Aerospace Engineering

The Pennsylvania State University

Professor Daniel Schrage

Daniel Guggenheim School of

Aerospace Engineering

Georgia Institute of Technology

Professor John McIntyre

Scheller College of Business

Georgia Institute of Technology

Professor Mitchell L. R. Walker

Daniel Guggenheim School of

Aerospace Engineering

Georgia Institute of Technology

 

 

 

 

 

 

Additional Information

In Campus Calendar
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Groups

Graduate Education and Faculty Development

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Faculty/Staff, Public, Graduate students, Undergraduate students
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Other/Miscellaneous
Keywords
Phd Defense
Status
  • Created By: Tatianna Richardson
  • Workflow Status: Published
  • Created On: Mar 12, 2018 - 1:40pm
  • Last Updated: Mar 12, 2018 - 1:40pm