PhD Defense by Ye Cheng

Event Details
  • Date/Time:
    • Friday October 27, 2017
      10:00 am - 12:00 pm
  • Location: ES&T L1120
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Summary Sentence: Tropospheric O3 modeling study: Contributions of anthropogenic and biogenic sources to O3-CO and O3-CH2O correlations

Full Summary: No summary paragraph submitted.

 

COLLEGE OF SCIENCES

SCHOOL OF EARTH AND ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES

EAS Ph.D. Defense

Ye Cheng

October 27, 2017

10:00 AM

Earth and Atmospheric Sciences

Ford Environmental Science & Technology (ES&T)

311 Ferst Drive, ES&T

Atlanta, GA 30332-0340

Web: eas.gatech.edu

ES&T L1120

Title: Tropospheric O3 modeling study: Contributions of anthropogenic and biogenic sources to O3-CO and O3-CH2O correlations

Committee members: Dr. Yuhang Wang, Dr. RodenyWeber, Dr. Yi Deng, Dr. Nga Lee and Dr.James H. Crawford (NASA Langley Research Center)

Abstract: This dissertation employs DISCOVER-AQ aircraft experiments and 3-D chemical and transport model to study the contributions of different sources to the correlation of O3-CO and O3-CH2O on different scales, and the implements of O3estimation using the correlations and concentrations of CO and CH2O.

First, modeling analysis suggests that the contribution from biogenic isoprene oxidation to the observed O3-CO regression slope is as large as that from primary anthropogenic CO emissions in the eastern US. As a result of decrease of anthropogenic primary CO emissions during the past decades, observed and simulated O3-CO regression slopes can no longer be used directly with an anthropogenic CO emission inventory to quantify anthropogenic O3production over the United States. The proportion of contribution from biogenic isoprene to the regressed O3-CO slopes various depending on the corresponding local emission scenario. While biogenic isoprene oxidation makes a comparable contribution as anthropogenic emissions in the eastern US, the latter dominates over eastern China.

Second, making use of these linear dependence, we build a fast-response ozone estimator using near surface CH2O and CO concentrations as inputs. We examine the quality of this O3estimator by increasing or decreasing anthropogenic emissions by up to 50% and the estimated O3distribution is in reasonably good agreement with the full-model simulations.

Finally, we focus on regional anthropogenic O3precursor emissions. Sensitivity simulations of aircraft and surface in situ observations suggest an increase of alkane emissions by a factor of 15 to the alkanes emissions in the Houston Ship Channel, where ship-transmit, ship-unloading, storage, domestic transportation of oil take place, and a factor of 5 to alkanes emissions in Denver area.

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Phd Defense
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  • Created By: Tatianna Richardson
  • Workflow Status: Published
  • Created On: Oct 25, 2017 - 4:03pm
  • Last Updated: Oct 25, 2017 - 4:04pm