PhD Defense by Ilya Kolb

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  • Date/Time:
    • Wednesday October 4, 2017
      1:00 pm - 3:00 pm
  • Location: Suddath room IBB
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Summary Sentence: Walk-away automation of in-vitro patch-clamp electrophysiology

Full Summary: No summary paragraph submitted.

Ilya Kolb

PhD Defense Presentation

 

Date: October 4th, 2017

Time: 1 pm

Location: Suddath room IBB 

 

Committee Members:

Craig Forest, PhD (Advisor, GT ME)

Annabelle Singer, PhD (GT BME) 

Chris Rozell, PhD (GT BME) 

Andrew Jenkins, PhD (Emory Anesthesiology)

Tim Jarsky, PhD  (Allen Institute for Brain Science)

 

Title: 

Walk-away automation of in-vitro patch-clamp electrophysiology

 

Abstract: 

The complexity of the brain makes it a difficult target for systematized study. This is evidenced by the fact that to date, no unified taxonomy of cell type or connectivity pattern has emerged in the field of neuroscience. The ability to perform a complete census of cell types and connections in the brain would be a major step towards understanding the brain and treating its disorders.

A gold-standard technique for performing neuronal classification is patch-clamp recording, which allows single-cell profiling of neuronal morphology, electrical activity, genetic expression, and connectivity patterns; however the technique is highly manual and laborious, making it unsuitable for large-scale studies that would be needed for neuronal classification efforts. A system that performs multiple recordings independently of human intervention, in a “walk-away” automated fashion, would be transformative. This work presents three techniques that enable full automation of the patch-clamp recording process. The first technique is the integration of pipette pressure control with trajectory planning which allows for reliable targeting of cells in brain slices. The second technique is automated pipette cleaning, which circumvents the need for a trained user to swap out pipettes between each patch-clamp trial. The third technique is machine vision which replaces a human operator in the final, most delicate aspects of patch-clamp recording. 

These techniques were combined to create a robotic system called the patcherBot that enables automated patch-clamp recording of many cells consecutively with no human intervention. We validate the performance of the patcherBot in single-cell and multi-cell recording experiments. This system could thus serve as a tool for large-scale data collection for neuronal classification studies.

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Phd Defense
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  • Created By: Tatianna Richardson
  • Workflow Status: Published
  • Created On: Sep 20, 2017 - 1:36pm
  • Last Updated: Sep 20, 2017 - 1:36pm