How Flamingos Stand on One Leg and Other Reasons to Study Comparative Neuromechanics

Event Details
  • Date/Time:
    • Thursday October 19, 2017
      7:30 pm - 8:30 pm
  • Location: Clary Theater, Bill Moore Student Success Center, 225 North Ave. NW, Atlanta, GA 30332
  • Phone:
  • URL:
  • Email:
  • Fee(s):
    N/A
  • Extras:
    Free food
Contact

A. Maureen Rouhi, Ph.D.
Director of Communications
College of Sciences

Summaries

Summary Sentence: A Frontiers in Science Lecture by Young-Hui Chang, hosted by the School of Biological Sciences

Full Summary: School of Biological Sciences Professor Young-Hui Chang used a comparative approach to explain how flamingos stand on one leg. The research can have applications in improving the performance of prosthesis users, railroad workers, and even athletes.

Media
  • Young-Hui Chang Young-Hui Chang
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  • A flamingo at Zoo Atlanta. (Photo by Adam Thompson/Zoo Atlanta.) A flamingo at Zoo Atlanta. (Photo by Adam Thompson/Zoo Atlanta.)
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A Frontiers in Science Lecture by Young-Hui Chang, hosted by the School of Biological Sciences

ABSTRACT 

Visit a flamingo exhibit at any zoo and you are likely to hear a child ask, “Why do flamingos stand one one leg?”

This basic, child-like drive to understand the curiosities of the world is part of human nature, and it is fundamental to science. But asking “why” a flamingo stands on one leg is a difficult and esoteric pursuit. In contrast, trying to understand “how” a flamingo can stand on one leg is directly addressable through physiology, the study of life’s processes. Moreover, gaining knowledge about how a behavior works often leads to important insights on why it persists in nature.

Young-Hui Chang will discuss how neuromechanics is used to distinguish biomechanical and neural mechanisms to inform our understanding of limb control. For example, the recent discovery of a passive biomechanical mechanism in flamingo legs explains how standing on one leg may actually require less neuromuscular effort than standing on two legs.

Chang will also discuss how a comparative approach helped identify a common limb compensation strategy many animals use to control and stabilize locomotion. The basic knowledge gained from comparative neuromechanics research can ultimately be used to better the human condition through development of improved training practices to enhance performance of limb prosthesis users, railroad workers, and even athletes. 

ABOUT THE SPEAKER 

Young-Hui Chang is a professor  in the School Biological Sciences at Georgia Tech. His research interests lie broadly in studying how humans and other animals use their limbs to control movement. In addition to flamingos, he has had the fortune to work with a variety of animals, including gibbons, vampire bats, elephants, penguins, and horses. Chang also strives to answer societal problems associated with movement control in people with debilitating conditions.

In 2009, he received a National Science Foundation CAREER Award for his research related to locomotor compensation in persons with lower-limb amputation. 

ABOUT FRONTIERS IN SCIENCE LECTURES

Lectures in this series are intended to inform, engage, and inspire students, faculty, staff, and the public on developments, breakthroughs, and topics of general interest in the sciences and mathematics. Lecturers tailor their talks for nonexpert audiences.

Parking is available in the Visitors Lot on the south side of North Avenue, across Tech Tower.

Light refreshments will be served after the lecture.

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Additional Information

In Campus Calendar
Yes
Groups

Center for Education Integrating Science, Mathematics and Computing (CEISMC), College of Sciences, EAS, School of Biological Sciences, School of Chemistry and Biochemistry, School of Mathematics, School of Physics, School of Psychology

Invited Audience
Faculty/Staff, Public, Graduate students, Undergraduate students
Categories
Seminar/Lecture/Colloquium
Keywords
flamingos, Frontiers in Science Lecture, Young-Hui Chang, School of Biological Sciences, neuromechanics
Status
  • Created By: A. Maureen Rouhi
  • Workflow Status: Published
  • Created On: Sep 14, 2017 - 4:14pm
  • Last Updated: Sep 19, 2017 - 10:34am