PhD Defense by Shiyang Chen

Event Details
  • Date/Time:
    • Monday July 24, 2017
      11:00 am - 1:00 pm
  • Location: E160 @ Health Sciences Research Building, 1760 Haygood Dr NE, Atlanta, GA 30322
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Summary Sentence: Spatiotemporal Modeling of Brain Dynamics Using Machine Learning Approaches

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Shiyang Chen

PhD Defense Presentation
Date: Monday, July 24th, 2017
Time: 11am-1pm EST
Location:  E160 @ Health Sciences Research Building, 1760 Haygood Dr NE, Atlanta, GA 30322
 
Committee Members:
Xiaoping Hu, PhD (Advisor, Bioengineering, UCR)
Shella Keilholz, PhD (Advisor, BME)
Chin-Hui Lee, PhD  (ECE)
Krish Sathian, PhD (Neurology, PSU)
Lena Ting, PhD (BME)
Deqiang Qiu, PhD (BME)
 
Title: 

Spatiotemporal Modeling of Brain Dynamics Using Machine Learning Approaches

Abstract

Resting state fMRI (rfMRI) has been widely used to study functional connectivity of human brains. Although most of the analysis methods to date have assumed the resting state to be stationary, this assumption is invalid when significant changes in functional connectivity occur within a short period of time, as indicated by recent literature. Hence, the resting state analysis can be improved by accounting for temporal changes. Recent literature has reached a consensus that the brain is frequently switching among a number of quasi-stable states. To capture these temporal dynamics and derive both spatial and temporal characteristics of the states simultaneously, we propose two machine learning models that incorporate spatial and temporal information. First, Gaussian hidden Markov model (GHMM) has been applied to systematically model the brain state switching processing in rfMRI. We showed its stability and reproducibility on healthy controls and then demonstrated its application in deriving biomarkers of prenatal alcohol exposure. Second, we introduced recurrent neural network to investigating individual uniqueness using fMRI and visualized the features that can distinguish individuals, which is referred to as the fingerprint of the brain function.

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  • Created By: Tatianna Richardson
  • Workflow Status: Published
  • Created On: Jul 12, 2017 - 10:53am
  • Last Updated: Jul 12, 2017 - 10:53am