PhD Defense by Samit Watve

Event Details
  • Date/Time:
    • Wednesday November 16, 2016
      1:00 pm - 3:00 pm
  • Location: Pettit Microelectronics Building , Rm 102 A&B
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Summaries

Summary Sentence: Genetics of natural transformation and type six secretion in Vibrio cholerae

Full Summary: No summary paragraph submitted.

 In partial fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of 

 

Doctor of Philosophy 

in the 

School of Biology 

 

Samit Watve

 

Will defend his thesis 

 

"Genetics of natural transformation and type six secretion in Vibrio cholerae"

 

Wednesday, November 16th, 2016

1:00 PM 

Pettit Microelectronics Building , Rm 102 A&B

 

 

Thesis Advisor

Dr. Brian Hammer

School of Biological Sciences

Georgia Institute of Technology

 

 

Committee Members

 

Dr. Thomas DiChristina

School of Biological Sciences

Georgia Institute of Technology

 

Dr. Frank Stewart

School of Biological Sciences

Georgia Institute of Technology

 

Dr. Roger Wartell

School of Biological Sciences

Georgia Institute of Technology

 

Dr. Kostas Konstantinidis

School of Civil and Environmental Engineering

Georgia Institute of Technology

 

 

ABSTRACT

 

The facultative waterborne pathogen Vibrio cholerae transitions between its human host and the environment where it colonizes chitinous surfaces in aquatic settings. Growth on chitin coordinates the induction of sets of genes for 1) chitin utilization; 2) a type VI secretion system that allows contact-dependent killing of neighboring bacteria; and 3) DNA uptake by natural transformation, which is a mechanism for horizontal gene transfer. This thesis describes the regulatory network controlling these behaviors in V. cholerae and the consequences of their coordinate regulation. Results from high-throughput RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) show that transcription factor CytR is one of four positive regulators comprising the chitin-induced regulatory network. A combination of genetic and phenotypic assays reveal the four regulators control each behavior in a distinct manner in a commonly used clinical reference strain of V. cholerae. Whole genome sequencing and bioinformatics analyses of a set of strains isolated from diverse sources reveal novel type VI secretion system components present in environmental, but not clinical isolates. Finally, I show that chitin-induced natural transformation can facilitate horizontal gene transfer of distinct type VI secretion system genes between strains that have functional consequences. This thesis sheds light on diverse behavioral adaptations that allow this important human pathogen to spread and persist in the environment.

 

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Phd Defense
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  • Created By: Tatianna Richardson
  • Workflow Status: Published
  • Created On: Oct 27, 2016 - 9:41am
  • Last Updated: Oct 27, 2016 - 9:42am