Bioengineering Seminar

Event Details
  • Date/Time:
    • Tuesday April 19, 2016
      11:00 am - 12:00 pm
  • Location: Parker H. Petit Institute for Bioengineering & Biosciences, Room 1128
  • Phone: (404) 894-6228
  • URL: http://petitinstitute.gatech.edu/
  • Email:
  • Fee(s):
    N/A
  • Extras:
Contact

Karen Ethier

Summaries

Summary Sentence: "Planes, Trains, Automobiles....and Cells?" - Philip R. LeDuc, Ph.D. - Carnegie Mellon University

Full Summary: No summary paragraph submitted.

Media
  • Parker H. Petit Institute for Bioengineering & Bioscience Parker H. Petit Institute for Bioengineering & Bioscience
    (image/jpeg)

"Planes, Trains, Automobiles....and Cells?"

Philip R. LeDuc, Ph.D.

William J. Brown Professor, Mechanical Engineering
Carnegie Mellon University

Abstract
Planes, Trains, Automobiles....and Cells? Philip LeDuc Departments of Mechanical Engineering, Biomedical Engineering, Computational Biology, and Biological Sciences Carnegie Mellon University Abstract Two areas that have always interested me are the mechanics of machines and the wonders of nature. My interest in mechanics, first beginning as a youth taking apart machines like lawn mowers, has intersected with my fascination with nature at the cellular and molecular levels. Here I will present how my lab has been merging mechanical engineering with biology. My lab approaches this intersection by envisioning cells and molecules as “systems” that can be investigated with some of the same fundamental approaches used on machines such as planes, trains, and automobiles looking for unifying principles. The biological systems range from mammalian cells to microorganisms to developmental biology systems (e.g. neurons, magnetic bacteria, energy generating bacteria, Xenopus laevis, stem cells) and we apply principles from mechanical engineering fields (e.g. solid mechanics, control theory, fluidics, heat transfer, design) to understand how these principles may apply across diverse nature-based systems. In addition, I will present in this talk our approaches of using solid mechanics in areas such as cell mechanotransduction. We pursue these goals through developing and utilizing unique custom-built systems as well as nanotechnology, microtechnology, and computational biology. These intersections are especially fascinating to me as biological systems have evolved for distinct reasons (the “initial and boundary conditions” are different). In addition, as an engineer, I truly am interested in building new systems from the knowledge that we obtain in a similar thought process as we use information to build new machines. Thus, I will also present how our lab thinks about nature-inspired design principles at the molecular and cellular levels to work toward generating novel approaches for contributing to technology development and medical applications. My goal for this talk is to present some of our work and thoughts about how one mechanical engineer approaches these nature-based systems at the cellular and molecular levels.

Research
The LeDuc lab approaches this intersection of mechanical engineering and biology by envisioning cells and molecules as "systems" that can be investigated with some of the same fundamental approaches used on machines such as planes and automobiles by looking for unifying principles. These systems range from mammalian cells to microorganisms to developmental biology systems (e.g. mammalian cells, magnetic bacteria, energy generating bacteria, Xenopus laevis) and applies principles from mechanical engineering fields (e.g. solid mechanics, control theory, fluidics, heat transfer, design) to understand how these principles may apply across diverse nature-based systems. LeDuc also focuses on linking mechanics to biochemistry at the cellular and molecular levels through examining structural regulation. In addition, he works on novel approaches to technology development through focusing on nature inspired design principles at the molecular and cellular levels. He pursues these goals through developing and utilizing nanotechnology, microtechnology, computational biology, and control-feedback theory. These intersections are especially fascinating to him as these systems have evolved for distinct reasons (the "initial and boundary conditions" are different). In addition, as an engineer, he truly is interested in building new systems from the knowledge that they obtain in a similar thought processes as they use to build a new machine.

Faculty host - YongTae (Tony) Kim, Ph.D.

The Parker H. Petit Institute for Bioengineering and Bioscience, an internationally recognized hub of multidisciplinary research at the Georgia Institute of Technology, brings engineers, scientists, and clinicians together to solve some of the world’s most complex health challenges. With 18 research centers, more than 180 faculty members, and $24 million in state-of-the-art facilities, the Petit Institute is translating scientific discoveries into game-changing solutions to solve real-world problems.

Related Links

Additional Information

In Campus Calendar
Yes
Groups

Wallace H. Coulter Dept. of Biomedical Engineering, Parker H. Petit Institute for Bioengineering and Bioscience (IBB)

Invited Audience
Undergraduate students, Faculty/Staff, Graduate students
Categories
Seminar/Lecture/Colloquium
Keywords
BioE Seminar, graduate students, IBB
Status
  • Created By: Colly Mitchell
  • Workflow Status: Published
  • Created On: Jan 8, 2016 - 9:33am
  • Last Updated: Apr 13, 2017 - 5:17pm