PhD Proposal by Xudong Fang

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  • Date/Time:
    • Wednesday December 2, 2015
      7:00 pm - 9:00 pm
  • Location: MRDC 4404
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Summary Sentence: Oligomer-Polymer Gel Spinning of High Performance Fibers

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MSE Ph.D. Proposal-Xudong Fang

Date: Wednesday, Dec 2, 2015
Time: 3:00pm
Location: MRDC 4404

 

Committee:

Prof. Donggang Yao, Advisor, MSE

Prof. Meisha Shofner, MSE

Prof. Youjiang Wang, MSE

Prof. Karl Jacob, MSE

Prof. Yulin Deng, CHBE

 

Title: Oligomer-Polymer Gel Spinning of High Performance Fibers

 

Abstract:

High performance polymer fibers are playing more important roles than before with increasing needs from more fields. However, the production and commercialization of such fibers are still limited due to high cost especially for those which are produced by gel spinning. The current gel spinning process relies on huge amounts of solvents for dissolution and extraction, leading to a slow, costly and environmentally unfriendly process. One major objective of this work is to optimize the gel spinning process to reduce cost and improve efficiency. The proposed optimization methods include searching for new solvents based on an ‘oligomer-polymer’ spinning system and developing new extraction processes. UHMWPE fibers are used as a case for study. Preliminary results showed that a new oligomer solvent – polybutene – can be successfully used for more effective production of high-strength UHMWPE fibers. Additional work is being conducted to understand the process kinetics of the new spin system and generalize the findings.

With the hypothesis that the first objective is realized, a second objective is to extend the oligomer-polymer gel spinning process to the production of other high-performance polymer fibers. As of now, only very few polymers have been successfully produced by gel spinning, including polypropylene (PP), polyethylene (PE), poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) and polyacrylonitrile (PAN). In this work, the new oligomer-polymer process is proposed for producing high strength polyoxymethylene (POM) fibers for their potentially excellent engineering properties. With the ‘oligomer-polymer’ spinning system, a new ‘solvent’ has been found for POM and preliminary results showed that high strength POM fiber can be successfully gel spun. More experiments are needed for optimizing the fiber performance and studying the relationship of processing with structure and property.

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Phd proposal
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  • Created By: Tatianna Richardson
  • Workflow Status: Published
  • Created On: Nov 23, 2015 - 5:18am
  • Last Updated: Oct 7, 2016 - 10:14pm