Capacity Planning Service Systems Arrival Rate Uncertainty

Event Details
  • Date/Time:
    • Thursday November 20, 2008
      11:00 am - 12:30 pm
  • Location: Executive classroom 228, main Bldg.
  • Phone:
  • URL:
  • Email:
  • Fee(s):
    $0.00
  • Extras:
Contact
Hayriye Ayhan
ISyE
Contact Hayriye Ayhan
404-894-2300
Summaries

Summary Sentence: Capacity Planning Service Systems Arrival Rate Uncertainty

Full Summary: Capacity Planning in Service Systems with Arrival Rate Uncertainty: Safety Staffing Principles Revisited

TITLE: Capacity Planning in Service Systems with Arrival Rate Uncertainty: Safety Staffing Principles Revisited

SPEAKER: Professor Achal Bassamboo (Northwestern Univ.)

ABSTRACT:

We study a capacity sizing problem in service systems with uncertain arrival rates; telephone call centers are canonical examples of such systems. The objective is to choose a staffing level that minimizes the sum of personnel costs and abandonment/waiting time costs. We formulate a simple fluid analogue, which is in essence a newsvendor problem, and demonstrate that the solution it prescribes performs remarkably well. In particular, the gap between the performance of the optimal staffing level and that of our proposed prescription is independent of the "size" of the system, i.e., it remains bounded as the system size (demand volume) increases. This stands in contrast to the more conventional theory that applies when arrival rates are known, and commonly used rules-of-thumb predicated on it. Specifically, in that setting the difference between the optimal performance and that of the fluid solution diverges at a rate proportional to square-root of the size of the system. One manifestation of this is the celebrated square root safety staffing principle that dates back to work of Erlang, which augments solutions of the deterministic analysis with additional servers of order square root the volume of demand. In our work, we establish that this type of prescription is needed only when arrival rates are suitably "predictable."

Additional Information

In Campus Calendar
No
Groups

H. Milton Stewart School of Industrial and Systems Engineering (ISYE)

Invited Audience
No audiences were selected.
Categories
Seminar/Lecture/Colloquium
Keywords
Capacity, service systems
Status
  • Created By: Anita Race
  • Workflow Status: Published
  • Created On: Oct 12, 2009 - 4:37pm
  • Last Updated: Oct 7, 2016 - 9:47pm