PhD Defense by Denise Sullivan

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  • Date/Time:
    • Monday July 20, 2015
      10:00 am - 12:00 pm
  • Location: MSE, Room G021
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Summary Sentence: Incorporation of Bio-inspired Microparticles within Embyronic Stem Cell Aggregates for Directed Differentiation.

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Denise Sullivan

BME MS Defense Presentation

Date: Monday, July 20th, 2015

Time: 10:00am

Location: MSE, Room G021

 

Advisors: Todd McDevitt, PhD (Gladstone Institutes)

 

Committee Members:

Johnna Temenoff, PhD (Georgia Institute of Technology)

Jane Lebkowski, PhD (Asterias Biotherapeutics)

 

Title: Incorporation of Bio-inspired Microparticles within Embyronic Stem Cell Aggregates for Directed Differentiation.

 

Abstract: Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) are a unique cell population that can differentiate into all three embryonic germ layers (endoderm, mesoderm, and ectoderm), rendering them an invaluable cell source for studying the molecular mechanisms of embryogenesis. Signaling molecules that direct tissue patterning during embryonic development are secreted by ESC aggregates, known as embryoid bodies (EBs). As many of these signaling proteins interact with the extracellular matrix (ECM), manipulation of the ESC extracellular environment provides a means to direct differentiation. ECM components, such as glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), play crucial roles in cell signaling and regulation of morphogen gradients during early development through binding and concentration of secreted growth factors. Thus, engineered biomaterials fabricated from highly sulfated GAGs, such as heparin, provide matrices for manipulation and efficient capture of ESC morphogens via reversible electrostatic and affinity interactions. Ultimately, biomaterials designed to efficiently capture and retain morphogic factors offer an attractive platform to enhance the differentiation of ESCs toward defined cell types. The overall objective of this work was to examine the ability of microparticles synthesized from both synthetic and naturally-derived materials to enhance the local presentation of morphogens to direct ESC differentiation. The overall hypothesis was that microparticles that mimic the ECM can modulate ESC differentiation through sequestration of endogenous morphogens present within the EB microenvironment.

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  • Created By: Tatianna Richardson
  • Workflow Status: Published
  • Created On: Jul 13, 2015 - 7:34am
  • Last Updated: Oct 7, 2016 - 10:12pm