Integrated Cancer Research Center Seminar

Event Details
  • Date/Time:
    • Tuesday February 24, 2015
      3:00 pm - 4:00 pm
  • Location: Parker H. Petit Institute for Bioengineering & Bioscience, Room 1128
  • Phone: (404) 894-6228
  • URL: http://www.petitinstitute.gatech.edu
  • Email:
  • Fee(s):
    N/A
  • Extras:
Contact

John McDonald, PhD

Summaries

Summary Sentence: "Linker Histones in Stem Cells and Cancer" - Yuhong Fan, PhD - Georgia Tech

Full Summary: Georgia Tech has been a leader in the development of collaborative approaches to both cancer diagnostics and therapeutics. The mission of the Integrated Cancer Research Center (ICRC) is to facilitate integration of the diversity of technological, computational, scientific and medical expertise at Georgia Tech and partner institutions in a coordinated effort to develop improved cancer diagnostics and therapeutics.

Media
  • Integrated Cancer Research Center Integrated Cancer Research Center
    (image/jpeg)

"Linker Histones in Stem Cells and Cancer"

Yuhong Fan, PhD

Associate Professor and Georgia Cancer Coalition Distinguished Scholar
Georgia Institute of Technology

Chromatin and epigenetic regulation contribute fundamentally to all cellular processes in normal and disease states.  However, the role of higher order chromatin compaction in these processes has not been well explored.  H1 linker histones are major chromatin architectural proteins that facilitate the folding of chromatin into higher order structures.  Using molecular, cellular, genomic, and mouse genetics approaches, we identify critical roles of linker histone H1 in regulating embryonic stem cell (ESC) pluripotency and differentiation. Through high-resolution mapping, we integrate the localization of H1 variants into the ESC epigenome and uncover novel roles of H1 in pericentric heterochromatin and genome organization in ESCs.  On the other hand, by analyzing H1 variants in ovarian cancer cells and H1 mutants present in follicular lymphomas, we establish H1 variants as biomarkers for ovarian cancer, identify H1.3 as a specific and potent repressor for the non-coding oncogenic RNA H19 in ovarian cancer cells, and characterize the H1 mutants in follicular lymphomas as most likely loss-of-function mutants.  Taken together, our work elucidates the function and regulatory mechanisms of H1 in stem cells and cancer and suggests modulating H1 variants as a potential new strategy for stem cell therapeutics and cancer treatments.

Related Links

Additional Information

In Campus Calendar
Yes
Groups

Parker H. Petit Institute for Bioengineering and Bioscience (IBB)

Invited Audience
Undergraduate students, Faculty/Staff, Graduate students
Categories
Seminar/Lecture/Colloquium
Keywords
graduate students, IBB, ICRC Seminar
Status
  • Created By: Colly Mitchell
  • Workflow Status: Published
  • Created On: Jan 8, 2015 - 10:56am
  • Last Updated: Apr 13, 2017 - 5:20pm