Neural Engineering Center & Young Innovators in Biomedical Engineering Seminar

Event Details
  • Date/Time:
    • Tuesday October 28, 2014
      11:00 am - 12:30 pm
  • Location: Whitaker Building, Room 1103 - Video Conference: HSRB E160 & TEP 208
  • Phone:
  • URL: http://www.bme.gatech.edu
  • Email:
  • Fee(s):
    $0.00
  • Extras:
Contact

Faculty hosts - Christopher J. Rozell, PhD, and Garrett B. Stanley, PhD

Summaries

Summary Sentence: "On the Therapeutic Mechanisms of Deep Brain Stimulation for Parkinson's Disease: Why High Frequency?" - Sridevi V. Sarma, PhD - Johns Hopkins University

Full Summary: The Wallace H. Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering hosts special guests and visitors throughout the year. These seminars are open to all faculty and students.

Media
  • Sridevi V. Sarma, PhD Sridevi V. Sarma, PhD
    (image/jpeg)
Related Files

""On the Therapeutic Mechanisms of Deep Brain Stimulation for Parkinson's Disease: Why High Frequency?"

Sridevi V. Sarma, PhD
Johns Hopkins University
Assistant Professor, Department of Biomedical Engineering
Institute for Computational Medicine

Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is clinically recognized to treat movement disorders in Parkinson's disease (PD), but its therapeutic mechanisms remain elusive. One thing is clear though: high frequency periodic DBS (130-180Hz) is therapeutic, while low frequency DBS is not therapeutic and may even worsen symptoms. So, what is so special about high frequency? In this talk, we address this question by discussing our viewpoint supported by recent results from our key studies of the thalamo-cortical-basal ganglia motor loop. First, thalamic cells play a pivotal role in performing movements by selectively relaying motor-related information back to cortex under the control of modulatory signals from the basal ganglia (BG). Through computational models of the thalamic cells, bifurcation analysis, and single unit recordings from healthy primates and PD patients engaged in motor tasks, we show that (i) there is a set of BG signals ("Proper Relay Set", PRS), under which the thalamic cells can reliably relay the motor commands, and that (ii) the BG signals belong to the PRS in healthy conditions but are outside the PRS under PD conditions. Then, we use a detailed computational model of the motor loop under PD conditions to study the effects of DBS on the BG signals projecting to the thalamic cells. We show that high frequency periodic DBS steers the BG signals back to the PRS while lower frequency regular DBS and irregular DBS do not. Furthermore, through numerical simulation of the model we show that DBS pulses evoke inputs that propagate through the motor loop both orthodromically (i.e., forward) and antidromically (i.e., backward) and fade away within a few milliseconds, thus having little effects on the BG signals. However, when the latency between consecutive DBS pulses is small (i.e., DBS is high frequency) and constant over time (i.e., DBS is periodic), then orthodromic and antidromic effects can overlap within the loop and result into a strong, long-lasting perturbation that ultimately drives the BG signals. Taken together, these results provide a holistic, albeit abstract, view of motor control in healthy and PD conditions, account for the neural mechanisms of therapeutic DBS, and suggest that the merit of DBS likely depend on the closed-loop nature of the thalamo-cortical-basal ganglia system.

Faculty hosts - Christopher J. Rozell, PhD, and Garrett B. Stanley, PhD

There will be a Neural Engineering Center reception to follow in the BME Atrium.

Additional Information

In Campus Calendar
Yes
Groups

Wallace H. Coulter Dept. of Biomedical Engineering, Parker H. Petit Institute for Bioengineering and Bioscience (IBB)

Invited Audience
Undergraduate students, Faculty/Staff, Graduate students
Categories
Seminar/Lecture/Colloquium
Keywords
BME Seminar, IBB
Status
  • Created By: Chris Calleri
  • Workflow Status: Published
  • Created On: Oct 14, 2014 - 6:36am
  • Last Updated: Apr 13, 2017 - 5:21pm