Integrated Cancer Research Center Seminar

Event Details
Contact

John McDonald, PhD

Summaries

Summary Sentence: "Cu/Zn Superoxide Dismutase (SOD1) Regulates Aerobic Glycolysis: Implications for Cancer Metabolism" - Amit R. Reddi, PhD - Georgia Tech

Full Summary: Georgia Tech has been a leader in the development of collaborative approaches to both cancer diagnostics and therapeutics. The mission of the Integrated Cancer Research Center (ICRC) is to facilitate integration of the diversity of technological, computational, scientific and medical expertise at Georgia Tech and partner institutions in a coordinated effort to develop improved cancer diagnostics and therapeutics.

"Cu/Zn Superoxide Dismutase (SOD1) Regulates Aerobic Glycolysis: Implications for Cancer Metabolism"

Amit R. Reddi, PhD
Assistant Professor
School of Chemistry & Biochemistry
Georgia Tech

The shift in energy metabolism away from respiration towards fermentation is a hallmark of cancer and is required to meet the metabolic demands of proliferating cells. Mutations that lead to defects in the ability to sense and metabolize oxygen and glucose, two essential nutrients that control energy metabolism, often lead to the initiation of a large number of cancers. However, the molecular mechanisms that connect nutrient availability to control of respiratory vs. fermentative metabolism are complex and not fully understood. Largely using the eukaryotic model organism Baker’s yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae), we demonstrate that the enzyme, Cu/Zn Superoxide Dismutase (SOD1), acts as a metabolic focal point for integrating oxygen and glucose availability to control of energy metabolism. When glucose and oxygen are present, SOD1 stabilizes a casein kinase, casein kinase 1-gamma (CK1-gamma), that represses respiration. In humans, CK1-gamma is a critical component of the Wnt signaling pathway, which controls energy metabolism and cell proliferation and is deregulated in many cancers. All together, our data suggest that a single regulatory circuit mediated by the SOD1/CK1-gamma signaling axis links nutrients and reactive oxygen species metabolism to control of energy production.

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Additional Information

In Campus Calendar
Yes
Groups

Parker H. Petit Institute for Bioengineering and Bioscience (IBB)

Invited Audience
Undergraduate students, Faculty/Staff, Graduate students
Categories
Seminar/Lecture/Colloquium
Keywords
IBB
Status
  • Created By: Colly Mitchell
  • Workflow Status: Published
  • Created On: Sep 23, 2014 - 8:29am
  • Last Updated: Apr 13, 2017 - 5:21pm