Bioengineering Seminar Series

Event Details
  • Date/Time:
    • Thursday November 7, 2013
      10:00 am - 11:00 am
  • Location: Parker H. Petit Institute for Bioengineering & Bioscience, Suddath Seminar Rm 1128
  • Phone: (404) 894-6228
  • URL: http://www.ibb.gatech.edu
  • Email: cheng.zhu@bme.gatech.edu
  • Fee(s):
    N/A
  • Extras:
Contact

Cheng Zhu, PhD - faculty host

Summaries

Summary Sentence: "Non-catalytic Tyrosine-phosphorylated Receptors (NTRs) on Leucocytes Play a Crucial Role in Immune Recognition" - P. Anton van der Merwe, PhD - University of Oxford

Full Summary: The Bioengineering Seminar Series is a joint seminar series between Petit Institute and the Wallace H. Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering. Seminars are held on Tuesdays or Thursdays between 11am-12pm in Petit Institute 1128 unless otherwise indicated.

Media
  • Van Der Merwe Van Der Merwe
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  • Bioengineering Seminar Series Bioengineering Seminar Series
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"Non-catalytic Tyrosine-phosphorylated Receptors (NTRs) on Leucocytes Play a Crucial Role in Immune Recognition"

P. Anton van der Merwe, PhD
Professor, Molecular Immunology
University of Oxford


White blood cells (leucocytes) continuously migrate throughout the body looking for microorganisms, infected cells, or cancer. They use cell surface receptors to detect and eliminate infection and cancer. The largest group of such receptors, which we term non-catalytic tyrosine phosphorylated receptors (NTRs), share key features including small size and the fact that their intracellular portions are phosphorylated on tyrosine residues when they bind extracellular ligands. We have proposed, and provided evidence to show, that NTRs transduce signals by a novel kinetic-segregation mechanism.

Many NTRs are inhibitory and bind molecules expressed on normal cells. Whether a white cell is activated depends on the balance between the number of activatory and inhibitory NTRs that are engaged when it interacts with another cell. We have shown that signal integration between these NTRs requires close colocalization, and have proposed that this membrane-proximal signal integration enables leukocytes to sensitively detect and selectively eliminate abnormal cells. NTRs often aggregate into clusters following ligand binding. We suggest that one reason for this clustering is to enhance discrimination between low and high affinity ligands.

Faculty host: Cheng Zhu, PhD

Related Links

Additional Information

In Campus Calendar
Yes
Groups

Parker H. Petit Institute for Bioengineering and Bioscience (IBB), Bioengineering Graduate Program

Invited Audience
No audiences were selected.
Categories
Seminar/Lecture/Colloquium
Keywords
BioE Seminar, Bioengeneering Seminar Series, IBB, P. Anton Van Der Merwe
Status
  • Created By: Karen Cannon
  • Workflow Status: Published
  • Created On: Jul 30, 2013 - 8:09am
  • Last Updated: Oct 7, 2016 - 10:04pm