Stem Cell Engineering Seminar Series

Event Details
  • Date/Time:
    • Tuesday January 26, 2010
      7:30 am - 8:30 am
  • Location: IBB 1128
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Megan McDevitt
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Summary Sentence: "Regulating human pluripotent stem cell differentiation" - Sean Palecek - University of Wisconsin

Full Summary: Regulating human pluripotent stem cell differentiation via chemical cues.

Pluripotent stem cells (PSCs), including embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) hold tremendous promise in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine applications because of their unique combination of two properties, pluripotency and an extremely high proliferative capacity. Theoretically, almost unlimited supplies of cells and tissues could be generated from a single clonal source if we can regulate PSC growth and differentiation. Hurdles facing utilization of PSCs in regenerative medicine include a lack of effective systems that permit robust, large scale culture and expansion of undifferentiated cells and a lack of reliable methods to differentiate PSCs to desired developmental lineages.

Several critical factors regulate whether a PSC chooses to self-renew or differentiate. Soluble signals bind receptors and stimulate chemical pathways that lead to global changes in gene transcription and cell differentiation state. Likewise, immobilized extracellular matrix cues synergize with soluble signals to control cell signaling and differentiation. Cell-cell communication is also an important consideration in PSC culture; at low cell densities cell growth rates diminish while at high cell densities spontaneous differentiation occurs. Finally, mechanical signals have recently been shown to affect self-renewal and differentiation. I will discuss examples that illustrate how each of these microenvironmental stimuli can be incorporated in culture systems to expand or differentiate PSCs along desired lineages. We have developed materials that confine PSC colonies to specific sizes and shapes to assess how colony morphology affects self-renewal and differentiation toward therapeutically-relevant lineages. We have found that colony morphology affects activity of signaling pathways that have been implicated in development, and efficiency of cardiac myocytes differentiation. I will also discuss how the temporal presentation of soluble differentiation factors (e.g. retinoic acid and bone morphogenic proteins) and regulation of tyrosine kinase signaling pathways can be utilized to obtain pure populations of stratified epithelial progenitors, which can then differentiate to terminal cells such as epidermal keratinocytes.

Additional Information

In Campus Calendar

Parker H. Petit Institute for Bioengineering and Bioscience (IBB)

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McDevitt, palecek, Stem Cells
  • Created By: Megan McDevitt
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  • Created On: Jun 30, 2013 - 10:33am
  • Last Updated: Oct 7, 2016 - 9:47pm