Prof. Paul Agris, University of Albany

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  • Date/Time:
    • Thursday September 20, 2012
      10:30 am - 11:30 am
  • Location: MoSE 3201A
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Full Summary: Prof. Paul Agris, University of Albany The importance of being modified: Tautomeric forms of pyrimidines provide expanded use of the genetic code RiboEvo Seminar Series Tautomeric shifts of 5-

Prof. Paul Agris, University of Albany

The importance of being modified: Tautomeric forms of pyrimidines provide expanded use of the genetic code

RiboEvo Seminar Series

Tautomeric shifts of 5-modified uridines have been established in E. coli tRNAValcmo5UAC as well as in the human cytoplasmic tRNALys3mcm5s2UUU. These shifts enable the recognition of multiple codons with the wobble base pair in the Watson-Crick geometry suggesting an energetic preference for, and perhaps enhanced efficiency with, this conformation. Thus, modifications at the 5-position of wobble position uridines appear to be a common mechanism for expanding tRNA’s codon recognition. One deviation from the universal code that is particularly interesting is the reading of AUG and the universal isoleucine codon AUA as methionine in both the A- and P-sites of the mitochondrial ribosome of most metazoans. We have established a mechanism by which 5-formylcytidine (f5C) at the wobble position of human mitochondrial tRNAMet (hmtRNAMetf5CAU) expands the decoding ability of this tRNA enabling it to read AUA as methionine. We have also found that another modified cytidine can restrict wobble base formation. This underscores the ability of cytidines, as well as uridine, modifications within the anticodon loop to modulate the decoding ability of the tRNA, providing insight into decoding mechanisms and evolution of the genetic code.

For more information contact Prof. Loren Williams (404-894-9752).

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School of Chemistry and Biochemistry

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  • Created By: Mercury Automator
  • Workflow Status: Draft
  • Created On: Sep 21, 2012 - 11:54am
  • Last Updated: Oct 7, 2016 - 10:00pm