PhD Defense by Jessica Pruett

Event Details
  • Date/Time:
    • Monday March 11, 2019
      2:00 pm - 4:00 pm
  • Location: Ford ES&T Room L1175
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Summaries

Summary Sentence: Predator risk cue properties and environmental stress affect the importance of non-consumptive effects (NCEs) in salt marsh communities

Full Summary: No summary paragraph submitted.

 

 

 

 

In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of 

 

Doctor of Philosophy in Biology

in the 

School of Biological Sciences

 

Jessica Pruett

 

will defend her dissertation

 

Predator risk cue properties and environmental stress affect the importance of non-consumptive effects (NCEs) in salt marsh communities

 

Monday, March 11th, 2019

2:00 PM

Ford ES&T Room L1175

 

Thesis Advisor:

Dr. Marc Weissburg

School of Biological Sciences

Georgia Institute of Technology

 

Committee members: 

Dr. Lin Jiang

School of Biological Sciences

Georgia Institute of Technology

 

Dr. Mark Hay

School of Biological Sciences

Georgia Institute of Technology

 

Dr. Danielle Dixson

School of Marine Science and Policy

University of Delaware

 

Dr. James E. Byers

Odum School of Ecology

University of Georgia 

 

  

Summary

 

Predators alter prey behavior and phenotype, which influences community structure and ecosystem function through cascading non-consumptive effects (NCEs). Prey reactive range, defined as the maximum distance at which prey detect and respond to predators, is a driving factor in determining the importance of these NCEs. Thus, understanding the properties of risk cues used by prey to assess predation threat and how prey reactive ranges change across environmental stress gradients is necessary to elucidate where and when NCEs should regulate top-down controls. In this dissertation, I first describe the nature of predator risk cues used by a foundation species (Crassostrea virginica, eastern oyster) in larval recruitment processes and an important grazer (Ilyanassa obsoleta, mud snail) on intertidal mudflats. I found that injured prey cues alone and in combination with feeding predators cause unique oyster antipredator responses in turbulent flow conditions as a result of quantitative and/or qualitative differences in predator risk cues. Mud snails had differential behavioral responses to two crab predator species in the lab but cascading blue crab NCEs had significant effects on benthic microalgae community composition in the field by behaviorally modifying species interactions in this non-linear 4-level food chain. Next, I focus on how estimating prey reactive ranges across environmental gradients may help predict the relative strength of predator consumptive effects (CEs) versus NCEs within a system using a blue crab-mud crab-oyster model. Understanding how mud crab physical and sensory performance (i.e. mud crab reactive range) changed across flow regimes led to accurate predictions on how the importance of blue crab CEs versus NCEs varied spatially and temporally within this oyster reef system. Thus, within systems, factors that structure communities can be predicted based on this understanding of how animal’s physical and sensory performance change across environmental stress gradients.

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In Campus Calendar
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Graduate Studies

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Faculty/Staff, Public, Undergraduate students
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Keywords
Phd Defense
Status
  • Created By: Tatianna Richardson
  • Workflow Status: Published
  • Created On: Feb 26, 2019 - 9:21am
  • Last Updated: Feb 26, 2019 - 9:21am