Impact of Internal Variability on ENSO Predictability

Event Details
  • Date/Time:
    • Thursday January 18, 2018
      11:00 am - 11:50 am
  • Location: Ford Environmental Science & Technology Bldg., Rm. L1205
  • Phone: 404-894-1757
  • URL:
  • Email:
  • Fee(s):
    Free
  • Extras:
Contact

Host: Kim Cobb

Logistics: Natasha Lawson

Summaries

Summary Sentence: A seminar by Dr. Sarah Larson, School of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences Spring 2018 Seminar Speaker Series

Full Summary: No summary paragraph submitted.

Media
  • Sarah Larson Sarah Larson
    (image/png)

EAS Spring 2018 Seminar Series Presents: Dr. Sarah Larson, University of Wisconsin-Madison

El Niño and La Niña events, together referred to as the El Niño – Southern Oscillation (ENSO), drive large-scale changes in weather patterns, generating recognizable alternations in seasonal climate across the globe. As such, predicting ENSO events many months in advance is of particular interest. 

Despite decades of scientific research on the dynamics of ENSO, our ability to predict the amplitude of ENSO events 10-12 months in advance remains limited. This long lead-time forecast challenge is often attributed to internal variability of the climate system that influences the triggering and subsequent evolution of events. An open question is, how much does this internal variability hinder our ability predict ENSO events? 

This presentation introduces a state-of-the-art climate model methodology to model perturbation growth that hinders ENSO predictability. The goal is to quantify how much random disturbances, like weather, contribute to increasing the range of possible outcomes in ENSO forecasts. 

The details of the initial condition are also investigated, particularly whether preconditioning (i.e., the buildup of heat content in the equatorial Pacific subsurface) increases the predictability of events by reducing the range of possible outcomes and/or enhancing the signal we hope to predict. 

Additional Information

In Campus Calendar
Yes
Groups

EAS

Invited Audience
Faculty/Staff, Graduate students, Undergraduate students
Categories
Seminar/Lecture/Colloquium
Keywords
EAS Seminar
Status
  • Created By: nlawson3
  • Workflow Status: Draft
  • Created On: Dec 21, 2017 - 9:09am
  • Last Updated: Jan 18, 2018 - 12:57pm