PhD Defense by Junhee Park

Event Details
  • Date/Time:
    • Friday December 11, 2015
      2:00 pm - 4:00 pm
  • Location: KACB - Conference Room 3100
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Summary Sentence: Performance Scalability of n-Tier Application in Virtualized Cloud Environments: Two Case Studies in Vertical and Horizontal Scaling

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Ph.D. Dissertation Defense Announcement

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Title: Performance Scalability of n-Tier Application in Virtualized Cloud Environments: Two Case Studies in Vertical and Horizontal Scaling

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Presented by

Junhee Park
School of Computer Science
College of Computing
Georgia Institute of Technology

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Date: Friday, December 11, 2015
Time: 10:00 AM - 12:00 PM
Where: KACB - Conference Room 3100

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Committee:

Professor Dr. Calton Pu, Advisor (School of Computer Science, Georgia Institute of Technology)
Professor Dr. Ling Liu (School of Computer Science, Georgia Institute of Technology)

Professor Dr. Shamkant B. Navathe (School of Computer Science, Georgia Institute of Technology)
Professor Dr. Edward R. Omiecinski (School of Computer Science, Georgia Institute of Technology)

Professor Dr. Qingyang Wang (School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Louisiana State University)

 

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Summary:

The prevalence of multi-core processors with recent advancement in virtualization technologies has enabled horizontal and vertical scaling within a physical node achieving economical sharing of computing infrastructures as computing clouds. Through hardware virtualization, consolidated servers each with specific number of core allotment run on the same physical node in dedicated Virtual Machines (VMs) to increase overall node utilization which increases profit by reducing operational costs. Unfortunately, despite the conceptual simplicity of vertical and horizontal scaling in virtualized cloud environments, leveraging the full potential of this technology has presented significant scalability challenges in practice. One of the fundamental problems is the performance unpredictability in virtualized cloud environments (ranked fifth in the top 10 obstacles for growth of cloud computing).

 

In this dissertation, we present two case studies in vertical and horizontal scaling to this challenging problem. For the first case study, we describe concrete experimental evidence that shows important source of performance variations: mapping of virtual CPU to physical cores. We then conduct an experimental comparative study of three major hypervisors (i.e., VMware, KVM, Xen) with regard to their support of n-tier applications running on multi-core processor. For the second case study, we present empirical study that shows the impact of memory thrashing on horizontal scalability of an n-tier application performance. Specifically, we describe non-monotonic performance trend and its root cause: IO interference among consolidated server VMs induced by memory thrashing. We then execute transient event analyses of fine-grained experiment data that link very short bottlenecks with memory thrashing to the very long response time (VLRT) requests. Furthermore we provide three practical techniques that reduce severity or mitigate effect of performance interference.


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Phd Defense
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  • Created By: Tatianna Richardson
  • Workflow Status: Published
  • Created On: Dec 7, 2015 - 4:11am
  • Last Updated: Oct 7, 2016 - 10:15pm